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O Caledonia! stern and, wild,

Meet nurse for a poetic child!

Land of brown heath and shaggy wood

Land of the mountain and the flood,

Land of my sires!

                                               - Sir Walter Scott -

Scotland

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September 9, 2023 will be the 480th anniversary of the

    Crowning of Mary, Queen of Scots

François Clouet, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons

More remarkable anniversary dates in 2023 in Scotland's history

1940 years ago - 83 AD The Romans defeat The Caledonians at the Battle of Mons Graupius


1460 years ago - 563 AD Saint Columba founds a monastery at Iona and begins his mission to the northern Picts


1385 years ago - 638 AD - Edinburgh captured by Angles


1165 years ago - 858 AD - Kenneth MacAlpin died















1005 years ago - 1018 AD - King Malcolm II defeated Northumbrians at Battle of Carhma; first modern border formed between Scotland and England


760 years ago - 1263 AD - Scots defeated Norwegians at Largs


725 years ago - 1298 AD - English defeated Wallace and Scots at Battle of Falkirk
















720 years ago - 1303 AD - Army of 8,000 Scots defeated English army of 30,000 at Battle of Roslin


710 years ago - 1313 AD - Robert the Bruce invaded Isle of Man


695 years ago - 1328 AD - Treaty of Edinburgh signed, recognized Scotland's independence; ended 30 years of wars


690 years ago - 1333 AD - Edward III invaded Scotland; defeated Scots


685 years ago - 1338 AD - English gave up siege of Dunbar Castle


600 years ago - 1423 AD - Treaty of London released James I after 18 years of captivity


535 years ago - 1488 AD - King James III killed at Battle of Sauchieburn


520 years ago - 1503 AD - King James IV married Margaret Tudor, daughter of Henry VII of England


510 years ago - 1513 AD - King James IV, thousands of Scots killed at Flodden; King James V (aged one) crowned


495 years ago - 1528 AD - Patrick Hamilton, Protestant martyr, burned at stake in St. Andrews


480 years ago - 1543 AD - Mary Queen of Scots crowned (nine months old)















475 years ago - 1548 AD - English built major fortification at Haddington; French rescued Mary Queen of Scots


465 years ago - 1558 AD - Mary Queen of Scots married Francois, Dauphin of France


455 years ago - 1568 AD - Mary fled to England


440 years ago - 1583 AD - King James VI escaped


420 years ago - 1603 - Queen Elizabeth I of England died; James VI of Scotland now also King James I of England

















385 years ago - 1638 - Covenanters rebelled against Charles I


380 years ago - 1643 - Covenanters agreed to aid English parliamentarians against King


375 years ago - 1648 Second Civil War began; Oliver Cromwell defeated Scots at Preston


335 years ago - 1688 - Rioting in Edinburgh spread across Scotland; King James VI deposed, fled


180 years ago - 1843 - Free Church of Scotland established


155 years ago - 1868 - Reform Act passed, all male householders eligible to vote


140 years ago 1883 - Steamer "Daphne" sunk on river Clyde, 124 drowned


135 years ago - 1888 - Scottish Labour Party formed


100 years ago - 1923 - 40 miners drowned in pit disaster at Redding


95 years ago - 1928 - National Party for Scotland formed; women over 21 received right to vote; discovery of penicillin by Sir Alexander Fleming announced


60 years ago - 1963 - Last hanging in Scotland took place


55 years ago - 1968 - Winds of over 100 mph struck Glasgow, 250,000 homes damaged, 1,700 homeless, 20 killed


35 years ago - 1988 - Bomb on Pan Am flight 757 exploded, crashed at Lockerbie, killed 243 passengers, 16 crew, 11 residents

















30 years ago - 1993 - Tanker ran aground in Shetland Islands, spilled 26 million gallons light crude oil


20 years ago 2003 - Dolly, the cloned sheep, died














15 years ago - 2008 - Scottish National Party overturned Labour majority in election

Air Accident Investigation Branch, OGL 2 <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/doc/open-government-licence/version/2>, via Wikimedia Commons

Photo courtesy of The Roslin Institute, The University of Edinburgh

By Workshop of Nicolas de Largillière - Derivative works of this file:  Voltaire-2008-11-24.jpg http://www.deism.com/images/Voltaire.jpg (old image: From en wikipedia), Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=23942

“We look to Scotland for all our ideas of civilisation.” -

Voltaire

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